Use of remote sensors to determine forage availability in grazed pastures of Urochloa humidicola cv. Llanero in the Colombian Altillanura

Raúl Alejandro Díaz Giraldo, Mauricio Álvarez de León, Otoniel Pérez López


Modernization of pastoral systems based on the use of Urochloa species in the Colombian Eastern Llanos need the use of remote sensing techniques from satellite platforms to estimate amount of offered forage. In the Carimagua Research Centre of the Colombian Corporation for Agricultural Research (Agrosavia), an Urochloa humidicola cv. Llanero pasture was evaluated using Landsat 8 and Sentinel 2A images. The NDVI, SAVI, EVI y GNDVI vegetation indexes determined by using the blue, green, red and near infrared bands; and the results analyzed with the R free software, to relate those indexes with forage availability field measures taken during the dry season. Forage availability ranged between 290 and 656 kg DM ha-1 and the vegetation indexes for the Landsat 8 and Sentinel 2A sensors were: NDVI = 0.67 (±0.037) and 0.69 (±0.061); SAVI = 0.48 (±0.048) and 0.41 (±0.046); EVI = 0.70 (±0.052) and 0.41 (±0.047); y GNDVI = 0.60 (±0.028) and 0.70 (±0.034), respectively. The relationships between vegetation indexes and forage availability were linear. The Coefficient of Determination (R2= 0.56‒0.72) and the Mean Square Error (MSR =63.95‒80.16) of the prediction equations were used. In conclusion, under the conditions of the study, the EVI for Landsat 8 and NDVI for Sentinel 2A were considered adequate for estimating forage availability of Urochloa humidicola cv. Llanero.



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